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Вестник университета «Туран»

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Food security and the macroeconomy: the relationship, analysis and problem

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Аннотация

The problem of food security is one of the most important in the modern economy. It affects the interests of various countries, social and political forces, becoming increasingly relevant with the development of trade in agricultural products and food, the acceleration of globalization. The article considers the issues of food security in Kazakhstan. A comparative analysis with some Central Asian countries and with countries with more developed economies is carried out. The analysis of the leading indicators of the agricultural industry, the analysis revealed the problems of the food supply are given. Also, the interrelation between macroeconomic indicators of the country, in particular, GDP and the level of food security is established. As practice has shown, the essential tools for achieving food security and import independence include a properly organized system of foreign economic activity in the field of agriculture. The critical role of the state is also to create conditions for the rational use of productive resources to increase the competitiveness of the agro-industrial complex. Internal factors of competitiveness in addition to the resource and territorial factors include the appropriate transport and logistics infrastructure; low-interest rates for lending to agricultural enterprises; the availability of preferential treatment in importing countries; adequate protection of the domestic food market; investment and tax incentives; stimulation of the introduction of innovative processes. Thus, the country faces new challenges to achieve self-sufficiency in food.

Об авторах

A. Irkitbayeva
Turan University
Казахстан


D. Zakirova
Turan University
Казахстан


Zh. Zharylkassyn
Turan University
Казахстан


Список литературы

1. World Bank. 1986. Poverty and Hunger: issuesand options for food security in developing countries. Washington DC. [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org (order date: 15.09.2019).

2. Скрынник Е.Б. Продовольственная безопасность - важная составляющая системы национальной безопасности России // АПК. Экономика, управление. - 2010. - № 1. - С. 3-14.

3. Hunger and food insecurity. FAO official web-site: http://www.fao.org (order date: 15.09.2019).

4. Food security in Central Asia as a social and political challenge, Sebastien Peyrouse // PONARS Eurasia Policy note No 300. September 2013.

5. Комитет по статистике Министерства национальной экономики Республики Казахстан: http://www.stat.gov.kz (дата обращения: 10.09.2019).

6. Государственный комитет Республики Узбекистан: http://www.agro.uz/ru (дата обращения: 10.09.2019).

7. Национальный статистический комитет Кыргызской Республики: http://www.stat.kg/ru/ (дата обращения: 10.09.2019).


Для цитирования:


., ., . . Вестник университета «Туран». 2019;(4):242-246.

For citation:


Irkitbayeva A.B., Zakirova D.I., Zharylkassyn Z.K. Food security and the macroeconomy: the relationship, analysis and problem. Bulletin of "Turan" University. 2019;(4):242-246. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 1562-2959 (Print)